Jorge Fernández-Santos Ortiz-Iribas
592 pages; 114 color illustrations; flapped paperback; 17 x 24,5 cm
Spanish; with the collaboration of the Gerda Henkel Stiftung and the Istituto Italiano per gli Studi Filosofici; 2013
Juan Caramuel Lobkowitz (b. Madrid, 1606 – † Vigevano, 1682), the most prolific and original polymath of the Spanish Baroque, singled himself out for his rather unconventional interest in architecture. Owing to an eventful life, Caramuel’s early reflections on architectural practice as a Cistercian novice in his native Castile gradually acquired depth and nuances. In Flanders, the Empire and especially in Italy, his characteristic approach to architecture as both a rational and a rhetorical subject took shape. His inquisitive and probabilistic mindset was duly reflected in the three-volume Architectura civil recta y obliqua (Vigevano: Camillo Corrado, 1678), which at the time of its publication stood out as the lengthiest and most ambitious architectural treatise ever written in Spanish or by a Spaniard.
A prototypical seventeenth-century scholar, Caramuel was fully conscious of the contemporary emphasis on certitude as an increasingly relevant criterion for architectural theory. A staunch defender of architecture as scientia, his ideas proved decisive as the rule of the Habsburgs in Spain drew to its close and the reform-minded novatores endeavored to raise and update intellectual standards. Caramuel’s thoughts on architecture strike as surprisingly modern. In stark contrast to those who relied on the supposed timelessness of the Vitruvian text to bypass historical specificity, he pleaded for an open-ended, “straight and oblique” Classicism at the center of a rationally reconfigured plasticity.
Jorge Fernández-Santos Ortiz-Iribas was educated at Cornell University and the University of Cambridge. Pre-doctoral fellow of the Spanish Academy in Rome and post-doctoral fellow of the Gerda Henkel Stiftung at Düsseldorf, his present research as “Ramón y Cajal” scholar at the Universitat Jaume I focuses on Italian-Spanish cultural exchange in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries.